6 Key Numbers to Understanding the Glasgow Climate Pact


The dust is there settled in Glasgow and diplomats flew back to their respective parts of the world. COP26, the long -awaited UN climate conference in Scotland, ended on Saturday with all countries agreeing to the Glasgow Climate Pact.

Despite a dramatic last-minute push in India and China lowering the coal language from a “phase-out” of relentless coal to a “phase-down,” nearly 200 countries have signed the deal. But it wasn’t just the result of the two-week conference, which saw a barrage of new national commitments and joint pledges as well as agreements in the remaining pieces of the Paris “rulebook,” which set out how 2015 Paris Agreement worked. in practice. Here are six of the most important numbers to keep in mind.

2022

Boris Johnson, in the UK’s role as host of the summit, made “stay alive at 1.5 C” a sign of COP26, even if the setting is exact what it means to do this in a world that is now heading towards 2.4 degrees Celsius, or even 2.7 degrees Celsius, somewhat idlas.

Early in COP26, countries began discussing the idea of ​​returning to the table in 2022 with better promises — the consensus around it was one of the major outcomes of the negotiations. The final text says countries should “revisit and strengthen the 2030 targets” if necessary to align with the temperature objective of the Paris Agreement by the end of 2022.

“Even if this is far from a perfect text, we have taken significant steps in our efforts to keep 1.5 alive,” said Milagros De Camps, deputy minister of the environment of the Dominican Republic, a member of the Alliance of Small Island States (AOSIS), at the closing plenary of COP26 on Saturday.

However, some countries have already claimed that coming back on the table next year will not apply to them, including major emitters such as australian and the US. So we can expect a lot of push from activists in the next 12 months to make it happen in practice.

£ 2 Million ($ 2.7 Million) for Climate Loss and Damage

A significant improvement in COP26 was the pledge from Scotland to provide £ 2 million ($ 2.7 million) to vulnerable countries for the loss and damage caused by the climate crisis. No developed country has ever offered such money before, so even if the amount is small in terms of the money actually offered, it is important in its political terms.

Loss and damage refers to damages caused by climate change that can no longer be adapted, such as climate migration due to drought or island territory lost by sea level rise. The Paris Agreement recognized this as an issue, but rich countries were very reluctant to offer any kind of finance for it, including COP26.

So was the first Scottish minister Nicola Sturgeon comments last week that “the rich developed industrialized countries that are responsible for climate change … have a responsibility to develop, recognize that and address it” is a sudden improvement. His use of the words “repair” and “debt” in this context is also significant, considering the great opposition from many developed countries, particularly the US, to the use of this type of language. .

$ 40 Billion

In 2009, developed countries pledged to provide $ 100 billion a year in climate finance to developing countries by 2020 to help them move to a greener economy, as well as deal with impact of climate change, known as adaptation.

The Paris Agreement promises a “balance” of climate funding for mitigation and adaptation, but in 2019 about $ 50 billion went to mitigation compared to only $ 20 billion to adjustment. The original $ 100 billion 2020 pledge was there definitely missed too, a source of great tension in speeches this year.





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