India’s 2070 net zero pledge is achievable, appropriate, and timely


If the historical record is considered, India is responsible for less than 5% of cumulative carbon dioxide emissions (The US accounts for 20%, more than any other country). “If one wants to split carbon budgets equally, India can be considered a real hero,” he said. Rahul Tongia |, a senior fellow at the Center for Social and Economic Progress in New Delhi.

However, Modi’s announcement came as a pleasant surprise to some researchers, as Ulka Kelkar, an economist and climate director at the World Resources Institute India. The goals are “clear upgrades” from previous targets, he said, and only a few are expecting net-zero pledge from India at this year’s conference.

The target is “diplomatically necessary,” he said Navroz Dubai, a professor at the Center for Policy Research in New Delhi. But he sees it as often a “check box,” as all the top 10 issuers except Iran, and most other major economies, make their own net-zero promises.

The most likely consequence, he argues, is interim goals Outlined by Modi. In his speech, Modi promised that by 2030 India will have 500 gigawatts of electricity capacity from carbon-free sources (including nuclear) and get 50% of its “energy needs” from renewable sources. And he promised to reduce India’s total emissions by 1 billion metric tonnes and its carbon intensity (compared to emissions generated by electricity generated) by 45%, also by 2030.

The Indian government later intrigue that is 50% target than for power capacity. This means it will not include, for example, most of the energy used in hard -to -decarbonize sectors such as transportation. It’s also about capacity, not generation. And there are likely to be fewer coal limits than some researchers first thought, Dubash explained.



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