What Medical Researcher Training Can Learn From the ‘Yellow Berets’
Gottesman worked with Martin Gellert, who at this point had just discovered the enzyme DNA ligase, the central enzyme for DNA binding and repair. About a year into the program, Gellert took a sabbatical, giving Gottesman the freedom to pursue his own research ideas. He also took to teaching a portion of Gellert’s course at the NIH on how to transfer DNA and translate it into proteins. “Not only did I have this incredible opportunity to be an independent researcher, but all of a sudden I had an even more important teaching responsibility. It was just a great experience for me,” Gottesman said.
After the program, Gottesman returned to Harvard, where he completed his undergraduate and medical studies, completed his residency, and began as an assistant professor. But later, he recalls, “he heard the NIH siren call” and returned to start his own lab at the National Cancer Institute.
After the draft ended, ATP applications were rejected. The program no longer exists, even if the same one-the Medical Research Scholars Program-supports medical, dental, and Veterinary students researching on the NIH campus. The agency is still working to “get the lightning out of a bottle of this program,” Gottesman said.
Today, some universities offer similarly intensive programs. For example, the three -year program supported by Hall involves 20 junior investigators developing independent research careers. It is funded through NIH KL2 awards, which are given to new clinics to do research. “In many ways,” he writes, “KL2 programs provide the same taught research training as the NIH program, to institutions across the country.”
The Meyerhoff Scholar Program, now in its 33rd year, also has many ATP elements, even if its emphasis is on biomedical research as a whole, rather than interpretive or clinical research. The program also includes a relatively large, strongly tied 50- to 60-person cohort, and intense exposure to pre-physician-level research. Approved by Sto. Sunday, its scholars are about five times more likely to earn a scientific PhD than students who are accepted into the program but refuse to attend. It is now used as a model for similar programs University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Penn State. The Sto. Domingo spoke about the new programs UC Berkeley, UC San Diego, ug Howard University also built in accordance with its model.
However, medical research careers have changed since the 1960s and 70s. Today, a major hurdle is incurred med school debt, which is often in the hundreds of thousands of dollars. Debt can motivate young doctors to choose useful specialists so they can pay off their debts. As a result, there is a lack of investigators able to combine clinical expertise with research questioning, Hall writes. In the U.S., he writes, each year more than 20,000 people graduate with an MD, but only about 600 get both medical and research doctors.
Another challenge, Hall wrote, is that it is even more difficult to manage the two careers exploring. and care of patients, because it is more difficult to obtain research funding to support a laboratory, and there are many opportunities to focus on clinical care.
Because the research ecosystem is constantly changing, Azoulay views the Yellow Berets study as a starting point for further research: meticulous studies that compare training interventions in terms of time, cohort size, and other factors. “What we want people to get away with is not that you copy what the NIH did in the early 1970s,” Azoulay said. However, this analysis should inspire new experiments. world of science training and science funding, “he continues.” If there’s a bee on our bonnet, that’s one. “
Disclosure: Viviane Callier has a contract statistician role supporting several data analysis projects at the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health.
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