They Watch a YouTuber Have Tourette’s-Then Adopt Her Tics
Kirsten Müller-Vahl has a major mystery in his hands. In June 2019 and Müller-Vahl, a psychiatrist at Hannover Medical School in Germany and head of Tourette’s outpatient department, was filled with patients with tactics unlike anything he had seen before.
Not only are the tactics in nature complicated, involving multiple muscle groups, it is even more surprising that the patients ’symptoms are similar. “The symptoms are the same. Not just the same, but the same,” he said. Even if everyone has formally identified Tourette’s with other doctors, Müller-Vahl, who has worked with patients with Tourette’s syndrome for 25 years, is sure it’s still a whole lot. Then a student came who knew where he had seen the tactics before.
All patients exhibited the same behavior as the star of a popular YouTube channel. Thunder storm (meaning ‘thunderstorm in the head’) documents the life of Jan Zimmermann, a 23-year-old German with Tourette’s. The raison d’etre of the channel is to speak openly and humorously about Zimmerman’s illness, and it has proven to be a hit, gathering more than 2 million subscribers in two years.
Some of Zimmerman’s tactics are specific. He is often seen saying the words “Fliegende Haie” (flying shark), “Heil Hitler,” “Du bist häßlich” (you’re ugly), and “pommes” (chips). Other tactics include crushing eggs and throwing ballpoint pens at school.
Patients who visited Müller-Vahl’s clinic somewhat imitated Zimmerman’s tactics. Many also referred to their condition as Gisela, the YouTuber’s nickname for her condition. In all, about 50 patients at his clinic showed symptoms similar to those at Zimmerman’s. Many patients were quick to admit to having seen his videos. Zimmerman did not respond to a request for comment.
Even if the color of Tourette’s symptoms is broad, the same symptoms often multiply, according to Müller-Vahl. Classic tics are usually simple, short, and sudden. It is usually in the eyes, face, or head, such as blinking, jerking, and squinting. The syndrome is usually seen around 6 years of age, ug you are more frequent than men—An average of three to four males per female. What comes to your mind when you think of Tourette’s-an irresistible invitation to utter obscenities in public-is actually rare, she says.
But if that’s not Tourette, what is that? According to Müller-Vahl, these patients actually suffer from something called functional mobility, or FMD. It may be similar to Tourette’s, but where the latter has a neurological basis (although the underlying cause is not yet known, it is thought to be related to abnormalities in brain regions such as the basal ganglia), the cause of Psychological FMD. In FMD, the hardware doesn’t want to, but the software doesn’t work well, while in Tourette’s, the software works just fine, but it’s the hardware that doesn’t. People with physical FMD have the ability to control their bodies, but they lose control of the reins, resulting in weak, abnormal behavior.
For some patients, they lost all their symptoms with Müller-Vahl’s explanation that what they didn’t have was not in Tourette. For others, a course of psychotherapy that improves their symptoms is important. However, the large number of patients with exactly the same symptoms confused Müller-Vahl and her colleagues.
Sociogenic mass disease — also known as psychogenic mass disease or historically called mass hysteria — has spread like a social virus. But instead of a noticeable fragment of the virus, the pathogen and method of infection are not detected. The symptoms spread unconsciously in social imitation in vulnerable people, thought to be caused by emotional distress. (Excluding the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, even if they have a similar resemblance to conversion, which refers to the “conversion” of emotional distress into physical symptoms.) Historically, the disease more sociogenic disease affects women more men The reason why is not known, but one hypothesis is that women in general are more likely to have higher levels of anxiety and depression , that they may easily catch the disease.